What is cellular therapy?

Cellular therapy is the use of cells for therapeutic purposes. Cells, the basic structural and functional unit of all living organisms, are isolated and used to treat or aid in repair of illness.

What are the different types of stem cells?

Stem cells are classified according to their potency. Potency specifies their differentiation potential, in other words, the potential to change into different cell types.

  • Totipotent cells are stem cells that can differentiate into embryonic and extraembryonic cell types. Such cells can construct a complete, viable, organism.
  • Pluripotent cells are the descendants of totipotent cells and can differentiate into nearly all cells – all cells derived from any of the three germ layers (endoderm, mesoderm, and ectoderm).
  • Multipotent cells are stem cells that can differentiate into a number of cells, but only those cells deriving from a closely related family of cells. These are the only stem cells that are found in adults.

What are stem cells?

Stem cells are cells that can self-renew and differentiate (change) into several different specialized cell types such as cardiac (heart) cells, neurons (brain), hepatocytes (liver). Today, stem cells are one of the most fascinating areas of biology and medicine.

What are adult stem cells?

Adult stem cells also known as somatic stem cells are cells capable of differentiating into multiple cells types and are also called multi-potent. The bone marrow and fat are the richest sources of adult stem cells. Adult stem cells have properties that help in vascular repair, release of growth factors and may aid in regeneration of tissue.

Why are stem cells so important?

Their capability to repair, replace and regenerate new cells and tissues damaged by diseases, trauma or other causes has lead stem cells to be the future of medicine. Stem cells research has lead to the development of a new area in medicine: Regenerative Medicine. Regenerative medicine is an emerging interdisciplinary field whose primary objective is to repair, enhance or improve biological function of cells, tissues or damaged organs. Whether it be via direct cell replacement or aiding in host tissue repair with the release of growth factors, stem cells have been helping many individuals improve their quality of life.

Where are stem cells found?

Stem cells are found throughout development; meaning from the embryo through to all of adulthood. At Rehealth, we only work with safe and ethical adult stem cells. Adult stem cells have been identified in many organs and tissues. Adult tissues capable of containing stem cells are the brain, bone marrow, peripheral blood, blood vessels, skeletal muscle, adipose (fat) tissue, blood from umbilical cord, and the liver. An important point to understand about adult stem cells is that there are a very small number of them in tissues. This is why at ReHealth, we use stem cells isolated from bone marrow and fat for treating disease. These areas have been defined as containing the largest amount of stem cells for administration. It is important to know that autologous (isolated from you) administration of bone marrow and fat stem cells is safe and has been used for decades. These cell types are the most widely investigated with hundreds ongoing clinical studies and trials.

Can stem cells cause rejection when they are implanted?

When adult stem cells are applied autologously, in other words derived from the individuals own cells, the risk for rejection is eliminated.